Last Updated on January 8, 2022 by Luis Ferency
While getting into the welding work, you might probably only know that welding is used to join two metal pieces or to fill any gap between them. But as you get deeper into the work, you will be confused with different types of adjoining techniques used for different purposes since you are looking for information regarding brazing vs soldering vs welding. Do not lower your morale down just because you are not familiar with these terms because you have to experience something for the first time to learn and understand more about it.
And we are here to help you with everything. Yes, you got it right. We researched deep into this matter, analyzed all the procedures, methods, types, and other related things to pen them down in this article in a convenient manner so you do not have to worry about putting extra effort into it. But before we head to our main target, we recommend you to stop all your distracting activities and completely focus on this guide so you do not have to face any complications or issues later at work.
Brazing VS Soldering VS Welding
These adjoining techniques can prove to be a little difficult to understand when you do not know their basic meanings of general explanations. So, before we move to the core part of the article, we decided to take a look at the basic meaning and explanation of Brazing VS Soldering VS Welding so it can be easy for you to learn the differentiating factors.
Let’s start with the brazing.
The first method or adjoining technique we have in the list of discussions is brazing. Brazing is known as an adjoining procedure to combine two metal parts by melting and flowing an alloy in the joint to combine the two or more pieces. Brazing is not only used for joining metals but this process can be used for joining ceramic also.
The second procedure we have for discussion is soldering. The soldering method uses a solder usually manufactured as an alloy of tin and lead by melting them together at a high temperature with a hot iron and cooling it down to form a shape. The solder is then again melted at the time of need and used to adjoin different types of metal pieces.
The last method we are going to have a look at in this guide is the welding procedure. Everyone is familiar with welding as it is a widely used procedure all around the world to combine metals or pieces of metal. The procedure of welding includes fusing or melting two or more metal pieces to adjoin them. The welding procedure is also known as a fabrication process.
Since we had the general meaning and discussion on the basic explanation of all the three methods or procedures, it is time to get on to the main target of our today’s article that is differentiating factors of Brazing VS Soldering VS Welding.
Let’s dig them up.
The most crucial factor that creates a huge difference between brazing vs soldering vs welding is the process or procedure you have to follow. Brazing and soldering use an alloy to melt them into the joints to combine the metal parts whereas, in the welding procedure, you melt the same metal pieces to fix them together or fill any gap.
In the welding procedure, the types of metal must be the same however in brazing or soldering you can combine any type of metal. Soldering and brazing are only used in terms of metals such as aluminum, copper, silver, gold, nickel, or many others but welding can also be used for other non-metal materials such as ceramic.
Also, the procedure uses changed heating or melting temperatures that create a difference between them. The soldering procedure includes a low-temperature to melt metals whereas welding uses high-temperature and brazing only uses flux to melt the adjoining alloy.
Applications or usage also act as a differentiating factor between brazing vs soldering vs welding. The applications of brazing include the closure of pipe fittings, heat exchangers, carbide tips on tools, fixing electrical parts, repairing radiators, or axles, etc. It can also be used in the manufacturing of bicycle frames or rims. However, soldering is widely used and required to join metal parts in electronics such as motherboards of CPUs, electric circuits, and circuit boards in toys. You can also see the soldering work in adjoining copper pipes or small combining work in jewelry.
There are different types of welding such as arc welding, electron beam, laser welding, resistance welding, or friction welding to fulfill several different tasks that can range from manufacturing tools, industrial work, repairing, or maintenance work. You can use welding for construction purposes of buildings, railroad tracks, or houses also as it is a very strong method to join metals or other materials.
As we are here to conclude our guide, we hope you must have understood everything in detail since we tried our best not to leave any stone unturned. The procedures and differentiating factors seem a little complicated at first glance but if you focus on the minor details you can easily learn and understand everything for an efficient experience at work. Since the procedures require a lot of heat, make sure to follow all the precautions and safety measures to avoid any kind of mishap or an accident.
We summarized everything we learned so far so you can check back if you missed something unintentionally. First, we had a small introduction of the three adjoining techniques and looked at why you need to understand the difference between brazing, soldering, and welding. Later we looked at the general descriptions, detailed procedures, and applications of the methods in terms of differentiating factors.
Luis Ferency with experience of 35+ years is a semi-retired welder. Though his passion for welding and learning keeps him going further. He loves sharing his knowledge on his expertise in SMAW, GMAW, GTAW, and FTAW. Hence, this helped the new welders to seek leverage knowledge and improve their welding skills.